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Food Security Facing Climate Change




The Second Annual Conference of the AAA Ministers is organized under the banner « Food Security Facing Climate Change ». It aims to advocate for sustained efforts to ensure food security in Africa against a backdrop of accelerating climate change by mobilizing international financial resources. The conference brings together key financial and technical institutions, donors, the private sector, research and development institutions, universities and scientists to fostering the upscaling of the adaptation of African agriculture to climate change. It will also gather the Scientific Committee of the AAA Initiative, composed of leading international experts and scientists, ensuring the scientific and technical relevance of the way ahead.

The Second Annual Conference of the AAA Ministers is organized during twodays 4-5 November 2019, hosted by the Mohammed VI Polytechnic University (Morocco). The first day is devoted to the Scientific Day, led by the Scientific Committee of the AAA Initiative, for examining key issues for the African agriculture, as well as the way forward to fostering financial resources and the role of the private sector, to ensure Food security in Africa under the pressure of climate change. In parallel of the Scientific Day, the Donors Roundtable will discuss ways to mobilize the necessary funds for the identification and implementation of agricultural projects in Africa. During the second day, the African Ministers of Agriculture will meet for advising on vision and strategic routes for the AAA Initiative.


first dialogue on mobilizing resources at scale to support Adaptation and Resilience of Agriculture in Africa.
22 - 23 July 2019, Rabat


Contexte général

The year 2020 will mark the beginning of the first cycle of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC). The NDC implementation period runs for five (5) or ten (10) years depending on the time horizon defined by countries in their submission. The actions and measures identified in the NDC are expected to start delivering outcomes to ensure countries achieve the targets and ambitions set in their NDC by the end of the implementation period. Showing leadership and ambition for climate actions, all 54 countries have signed the Paris Agreement and submitted ambitious conditional and unconditional Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). More than fifty (50) countries have ratified ambitious NDCs, with investment requirements above US$ 2.5 trillion, it is crucial that African countries are fully engaged with the implementation of their NDCs and secured significant and adequate support withmeans of implementation. The total cost of adaptation estimated for all African countries is US$7.4 billion a year consistent with the range of US$7-15 billion a year estimated by the UNEP Adaptation Gap Report.Since the submissions of their NDC in 2014, African countries have undertaken several steps to advance the implementation of their communicated NDC by:

aaa undertaking consultations on the implementation of NDC;

aaa refining or updating the analysis underpinning the NDC;

aaa developing NDC implementation or investment plans that prioritize specific sectorial or cross sectorial climate actions;

aaa aligning their NDC actions with their countries policy priorities;

aaa designing institutional arrangements and coordination mechanisms to support NDC implementation ;

aaa improving the regulatory and institutionalframework;

aaa identifying and prioritizing policies and measures;

aaa assessing how to attract or reorient investments toward climate actions and, designing monitoring systems to measure progress toward NDC goals etc.

These steps are important. They are necessary pre-conditions and enablers of effective actions that need to be implemented for delivery of the targets associated to NDC. However there is need to better understand how much has been actually delivered towards effective implementation of the NDC of African countries. Expectations on all countries to meet the level of ambition associated to the Paris Agreement are immense. While they are progressing towards the implementation of their first NDC, countries must also submit in 2020 the NDC of the second cycle, as well as their long-term low emission strategies in accordance with Paris Agreement Article 4:19 and Decision 1/CP.21 par. 35.

The current and projected adverse effects of climate change pose a real challenge for Africa, these adverse effects have proven to be detrimental for the continents economy, its people and its resources. Several leaders have expressed the need for climate action to become a high priority in the development agenda of all African States, but the challenges of addressing such multidimensional and conflicting imperatives remains important.

Le premier Dialogue sur la mise en œuvre des CDN africains sera l'occasion de faire le point sur la mise en œuvre effective des CDN dans les pays africains. Et de comprendre où en sont les pays dans leur cheminement vers la réalisation des objectifs et des ambitions associés à leurs CDN. L'accent mis sur le secteur agricole aidera les pays à élaborer une stratégie pour faire progresser la mise en œuvre des priorités identifiées dans ce secteur.


aaa Take stock of the progress on the implementation of African countries NDC, with a focus on targets related to the agriculture sector.

aaa Share experiences on initiatives and actions by AAA, AAI and members states to advance country agenda on low emissions, climate resilient and sustainable agriculture.

aaa Explore avenues to maximize existing financing opportunities, including the Green Climate Fund to leverage resources at scale for a sustainable agriculture underclimate change in Africa.

aaa Identify the need of support for effective and strategic approaches to address the challenges of Adaptation of the Agriculture in Africa.

aaa To promote the exchange of experience and expertise and establish a collaborative framework between member states for the sharing of information and experiences on the implementation of the NDCs in support of Adaptation of the Agricultural sector

Expected outcomes

At the end of the dialogue, it is expected that participants have learnt from AAA, AAI, experts and other countries, developed strategic directions to support the progress of the implementation of their NDC, gained a better understanding of other African countries’ experiences and developed a common Africa strategy to support Africa in the implementation of the targets for the Agricultural sector.

Proceedings: The dialogue isorganized as a 2-day event.

Audience :
- 2 representatives per country,
- representative each of the GCF,
- national designated authority and the Ministry in charge of Agriculture, AAI and AAA experts and partners.

Download Provisional Agenda (PDF)



Climate Smart Agriculture Investment Plans for Africa

Rabat, Morocco, from 10 to 11 June 2019



At the invitation of the AAA Initiative and in partnership with the World Bank and the Agence Française de Développement (AFD), an informal technical consultation was held on 10 and 12 June 2019 in Rabat to identify initial lessons learned in the preparation of National Climate Smart Investment Plans (CSAIPs). Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) aims at ensuring food security through the simultaneous achievement of three objectives: productivity, climate change adaptation and mitigation. The CSAIPs, as defined by the AAA initiative, take FAO's original concept of climate-smart agriculture and apply it to the design of a portfolio of field and bankable projects in the agricultural sector, in line with national contributions and national strategies. Already in 2017, the AAA Initiative had organized with the World Bank and NDC-Partnership a first technical meeting on the theme of CSAIPs, in order to launch the preparation of three of them (Côte d'Ivoire, Mali and Morocco). The CSAIPs are seen as a key means to promote, at the national level, sustainable investments in agriculture in Africa in the light of climate change predictions.


Objective :

The overall objective of this consultation meeting was to identify initial lessons learned from the different technical approaches used in the preparation of CSAIP at different levels of preparation and implementation in 7 African countries and Bangladesh. The intermediate objective is to assist, through CSAIP's, other African countries in translating their agricultural NDCs into CSAIPs - and to highlight and strengthen the "CSA content" of their agricultural investment priorities. This consultation was conceived as a capacity building exercise for countries and teams working on CSAIP's, with the support of technical experts and the participation of representatives of funding and external support agencies that can potentially contribute to the implementation of the CSAIPs.

Modalities: The dialogue is organized over 2 days.

This informal consultation was attended by more than fifty (50) participants from different countries (Burkina-Faso, Cameroon, Ghana and Republic of Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Mali, Morocco, Bangladesh, Lesotho, Zambia, Zimbabwe, etc), international technical and financial institutions (WB, ISDB, AFD, FAO, NDC-P, US_FAS, ...) and national partners (OCP, UM6P, MAMDA, GCAM).



International scientific symposium

International scientific symposium
July 14, 2016 – Skhirat (Morocco)


On July 14th, 2016, almost 100 international scientists gathered in Skhirat. This was an opportunity for them to share their scientific reflections and put forward solutions around the three technical pillars of the Adaptation of African Agriculture: soil management, agricultural water control and climaterisk management. Among the participants, there were representatives of the IPCC, the UNFCCC, the FAO, the INRA (Morocco), the International Center for Development and Climate Change (Canada), Africa Rice, the General Council for Agricultural Development (Morocco), and various African universities.

« Given the existing challenges, science iscalledupon, today more than ever before, to provide the appropriate answers to solve the problems facing African agriculture because of climate change »

Prof. Mohamed Badraoui, INRA Director, Morocco




High Meeting on the AAA Initiative
September 29-30, 2016 - Marrakesh (Morocco)


September 29th and 30th, a high-level international conference was held in Marrakech, in the presence of government representatives (the African ministers of agriculture), international organizations NGOs and corporates, as well as donors, project proponents, scientists and experts. The objective of the conference was to present the technical solutions and best practices, to develop the AAA initiative with concrete proposals in terms of projects and funding, and especially to encourage all the stakeholders to make sure that the Adaptation of African Agriculture be placed at the heart of climate discussions.


COP22 Exhibition

COP22 Exhibition
7-18 November 2016 - Marrakech


Find out more about the AAA initiative during COP22 at the exhibition space “Green Zone”, innovation’stent number 2, Stands 401/403, from November 7 to 18, in Marrakesh (Morocco).The main entrance to the site being on the Mehdi Ben Barka avenue.

COP22 will enable the concrete implementation of the commitments formulated in the Paris Agreement – which has marked a historic milestone – while it will also bring into focus the specific issues faced by developing countries, with priority to Africa. COP22 willbe the “COP of Action” and the “COP of Africa.” The AAA initiative aims to place the question of Adapting African Agriculture at the forefront of COP22’s priorities and discussions. The AAA platform willoffer COP22 participants an immersive experience both to facilitate the sharing of crucial issues related to Adapting African Agriculture to Climate Change, and to help discover a collection of innovative solutions in line with AAA.