AAA proposes 4 types of solutions for climate-risk management:
- Developing observation and forecasting systems: Improve the weather and climate observation network (make more compact and modern); improve weather forecasting systems; develop agro-meteorological forecasting systems for crops and forages (process and analyse data – including satellite data – on weather and agriculture); develop earth-observation facilities (through remote sensing space systems, mapping, GIS, GPS and other geomatic applications);
- Develop index-based agricultural insurance, an insurance product based on weather and satellite indicators;
- Developing academic and continuous training programmes: Provide trainings in Geographic Information Systems, in agro-meteorology, in remote sensing space systems, in crop-and-forage monitoring systems, in WEB-GIS application for agro-meteorological information dissemination, etc.
Implementing these solutions requires the involvement of all stakeholders, namely, scientists and engineers (meteorologists, agronomists, and computer scientists), institutions (ministries, universities, agricultural research centres, insurance companies, etc.), and the farmers who have to be trained and supported.