Agricultural-water control

Agricultural-water control

Africa is the continent that suffers the most from agricultural-water scarcity.
About 66% of its lands are located in arid or semi-arid areas and are, thus, affected by water shortages. The continent is increasingly vulnerable to bouts of even dryer weather linked to climate change: mounting temperatures and reduced rainfall, with more frequent and longer extremes. Even regions sufficiently endowed with water lack conveyance, storage, and distribution infrastructures for land irrigation. In Africa, only 5% of arable land is irrigated, while the irrigable potential stands at 25%. The irrigation of the African continent can be developed through an over-arching approach and a joint proactive action.

With regard to agricultural-water control, the solutions put forward by the AAA initiative are results/production-oriented. These solutions seek to achieve complementarity between water-conveyance installations, hydro-agricultural facilities, plot developments, institutional exploitation and reinforcement, and value addition – all without losing sight of the scope of the areas to be developed for irrigation (large zones, collective or rustic zones, small-scale private irrigation, lowland development).

In this respect, five key themes have been identified:

  1. Reinforce water-potential mobilisation: rehabilitate existing structures to optimise their capacity and build new structural facilities;
  2. Proactively develop complementary irrigation between (a) large-scale irrigation based on the development of great plains, (b) lowland and flood-recession agriculture, (c) small-scale rural irrigation, and (d) individual irrigation;
  3. Continue to strengthen the Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) approach, particularly for cross-border water management;
  4. Modernise and promote more water-efficient and more productive irrigation and production systems;
  5. Proactively support irrigation development through capacity building.
Capacity building & funding solutions
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Climate-risk management
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